Practice math with these printable ten frames. Using a ten frame is a great way to visualize and recognize numbers.
Read on to learn how to use a ten frame and to download your own ten frame printables in PDF form.
10 frames are great tools for kids who are practicing foundational math skills including number sense. Young children can build numbers along with visually showing math problems using these 10 frame printables!
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What is a Ten Frame?
A 10 frame is a chart with two rows and five columns. It is a math tool used to visually show numbers one through ten. In a ten frame, one box is equal to one unit.
For example, if two boxes are filled, then the number 2 is represented using the chart. Ten frames make it easier for young children to see how many units make up each individual number.
Tip: Use objects that a child is interested in as the counters. Acorns, pinecones, rocks, and even small figurines like these small colorful frogs can be placed on the chart.
How to Use a Ten Frame
To Show a Number
To show a number within the chart, you can place an object or counter within each box. 1 Box = 1 Unit.
- Start in the upper left corner and fill the individual boxes from left to right.
- Once the first row is full, start filling the boxes in the second row moving from left to right.
To make the number 8, first work from left to right starting in the upper row. Then once those are filled, move down to the second row. Fill the boxes from left to right until 8 boxes in total on the chart are filled.
- A child would place 5 objects in the first row.
- Then three more objects in the bottom row to show the number 8.
Addition and Subtraction
Create the first number using the method above. Then either take away objects to show a subtraction problem. Or add objects to show an addition problem.
*Remember each box represents one unit. So each box only holds one object or counter.
Another way is to show both numbers on two separate charts like the example above. Then on the third chart, they can show the solution.
- Elementary School
You can use ten frames with a wide range of ages. From children in preschool up to kids in elementary grades.
Skills to Practice
- Fine Motor Skills
- Number Recognition
- Numbers 1-10
Ten frames can be used to practice a wide range of math skills. From number recognition to counting, ten frames are great for young children.
Older kids can use them to visually show addition and subtraction problems. I love how kids can visually see the numbers. Plus, kids can place actual items on the chart which practices fine motor skills!
Single Ten Frame
A ten frame is a math chart with two rows and five columns. Ten frames are made of ten boxes. Each box within the chart represents one unit. You can use the single 10 frame below to visually show numbers one through ten.
To download simply click the image to bring up a pdf version of the sheet.
Double Ten Frame
Each printable has two ten frames stacked one on top of another. You can visually show numbers one through twenty using these math charts. Each box within the frame represents one unit.
Another way to use these printables is to cut the paper in half. That will give you two small single 10 frames to use with your kids!
Multiple Ten Frames
You can use these printables to visually build numbers 1-10. Or to visually show addition and subtraction problems. You can even download the filled out chart to use as a reference for numbers one through ten!
Help your young child build foundational math skills with these engaging math resources. These free printables are no prep and great for homeschool, math centers, or just some extra math practice at home.
- Tens and Ones Worksheets
- Shape Bingo for Kids
- Hundreds Charts
- Number Recognition Worksheets Numbers 1-10
Make sure to check out the entire collection of math resources. Designed for kids in preschool, kindergarten, and elementary school from a mom and certified elementary education teacher.
These printables were created by Nature Inspired Learning and are for personal use only for your home, classroom, or public library. All of these free ten frames are for non-commercial use. See full disclosure.